The study of physics is the starting point for many career opportunities; training in physics allows immense flexibility for the future in terms of additional study and in the ability to fit into jobs and job training in many areas. A traditional path is to continue the study of physics in a university to earn a Master of Science or a doctor of philosophy degree – a necessary achievement to be qualified to teach and continue research in a college or university. Some students choose to add a B.Ed. or M.Ed. degree in education so that they are certified to teach high school physics. /p>
With the discipline and training that goes with a physics degree, students can go into prestigious physics careers, medicine, engineering, teaching, nuclear engineering, space and atmospheric research, acoustic and petroleum explorations, finance, computer science, biophysics, etc. Physics majors are hired by universities, national laboratories, observatories and science museums, industry (e.g. electronics, building design, medical instrumentation, communications, engineering, noise pollution, sound recording, film production, etc.) semiconductor, petroleum, mining, and exploration companies, biomedical firms (biotechnology, environment, pharmaceuticals), defense agencies and contractors, consulting and Information Technology (IT) firms.
The employment possibilities for chemistry postgraduates are as numerous as they are varied. Chemists are employed by various industries viz. Computers and Telecommunications, Fine and Heavy Chemical Manufacturing, Food and Beverage Production, Mining and Metallurgy, Petroleum, Pharmaceuticals/Drugs, Plastics, Pulp and Paper, Cement Industries etc.
In these industries, the chemist’s role could be concerned with Quality Control, Industrial Hygiene Management, Manufacturing Process Control and R&D.
Chemists are also hired by government agencies in the areas of:
Education, Forensic Investigation, Mineral Analysis, Public Health, Research and Development Support for Resource Industries, Technical and Analytical Information Development,Water and Air Quality Management and many more..
In the past half century, there has been rapid increase in the importance of mathematics to our society. The need for trained mathematicians at all levels is on the rise as the use of computers and automation has spread to almost all sectors of our economy. Nowadays, technological, engineering and business problems are often of such complexity that they require a high level of mathematical treatment. In the past, advanced mathematics was generally restricted to the physical sciences and engineering, but today there is an ever growing demand for mathematical expertise in the biological and social sciences, as well as in finance and business management. Mathematicians can opt varied careers in Actuarial science, Information technology and computing, Business management, consulting and Teaching.